A Brief History: Tulunad

To a superficial observer it may appear as though India is a land mass occupied by diverse social, religious and linguistic groups putting on a mantle of political unity.  But a careful study of its present day institutions reveals that they are built on the solid foundation of a rich and ancient culture evolved over a period of at least five thousand years.  Different shades of Indian culture represented by different linguistic groups, big or small, are often mistaken for heterogeneous cultures.  It is only a careful study in depth of the religious and social institutions by scholars devoted to historical research that can bring to surface the underlying unity and richness of India’s culture.

The tract of land on the west coast peninsular India comprising the modern districts of South Kanara, Udupi and the coastal belts of North Kanara historically famed as TULUNAD – the land of the Tuluvas. The bewildering variety and amazing richness of cultural distinctions, both singular and synchronistic, have been so over-whelming that an over-all picture of this culture based on political, socio-economic, religious and philosophical foundations needs to be studied in detail.

Tulunad – where different religions, cultures, casts and communities live harmoniously maintaining their individual identity, yet for an outsider it appears to be one big social group. Where else we can find such “unity in diversity”. Reputed educational institutions, five large nationalized banks, seaport, airport, road and rail network are all the proud possessions of Tulunad.

Tuluvas are known for their communal harmony, broad mindedness, high literacy level, entrepreneurial ability, dedication, hard work, loyalty and professionalism in all fields. This is the meeting point for all of us. Exchange our views and ideas, get closer, understand better and let us build a stronger Tulunad on the foundation we already have for more than FIVE THOUSAND YEARS.

A Brief History of Tulunad

Various Historians, Intellectuals and writers including from the western countries have written much about the history of Tulunad. Some of them have referred way back to the era of Puranas taking the references from the great epics like Ramayana and Mahabharatha to support their opinions and arguments.

It is impossible to give in this site all those matters written in volumes. However, we will try our best to give some brief ideas picking up from some of the recognized books published earlier.  Hence, we do not accept any responsibility about the authenticity of the subject matter given here below.

One among such well respected writers is Nandalike Ammunjeguthu Sheenappa Hegde Polali.  Born on 8th August, 1890 at Nandalike Chavadi Mane and died on 3rd September 1966 in Mangalore.

A brief introduction of his literary works and achievements will be published very shortly together with the introduction of other past and present bunt scholars.

We have picked up some excerpts from his book PRAACHINA TULUNAD published in Kannada way back in 1930s. Translation may not give the exact meaning and beauty of the original article. We hope, our readers will understand this and pardon us for such unintentional lapses from our part.

 JAIN BUNT BALLALS

Jains of Shanthara dynansty came from Mysore area to Tulunad in the 12th Century and got married to the ladies of Tulunad Aluva Kings. Their offsprings, Jain Bunts became Ballals and ruled Tulunad till 18th Century.

The households of such rulers are given below:

1 Ullal Chowta 2 Sural Tholahara
3 Bangadi Banga 4 Bailangadi Moola
5 Kolatharasu 6 Neeleshwaradarasu
7 Vitla Domba Heggade 8 Kumbale Arasu
9 Karkal Bhairarasu 10 Yenur Ajila
11 Mulki Samantharasu 12 Panapila Konnararasu
13 Hosangadi Binnanarasu 14 Viliya Ainadarasu
15 Honnaya Kambali Arasu 16 Madya Kinnari Arasu
17 Pejavara Ballal 18 Bsailu Ballal
19 Panambur Mudda Heggade 20 Koolur Dore Ballal
21 Porala Madarasu Manel Ballal 22 Arkula Beedu
23 Vamanjur Ballal 24 Kulashekar Ballal
25 Atthavara Ballal 26 Bajal Ballal
27 Invalli Ballal 28 Ira Ballal
29 Sajipa Ballal 30 Balthila Ballal
31 Perodi Ballal 32 Nanadribettu Ballal
33 Paddayur Ballal 34 Ijjatthottu Ballal
35 Irvatthur Ballal 36 Kaudaadi Ballal
37 Raayi Ballal 38 Varkaadi Ballal
39 Manjeshwara Ballal 40 Paivalike Ballal
41 Adka Heggade, Thenkumbale 42 Parmale Ballal
43 Panja Ballal 44 Yenmoor Ballal
45 Amara Sulya Ballal 46 Bellare Ballal
47 Kadaba Ballal 48 Mardhaala Ballal
49 Injaadi Ballal 50 Kombaaru Ballal
51 Renjaladi Ballal 52 Nelyaadi Ballal
53 Neranki chavadi Heggade 54 Puthur Heggade
55 Madaka Heggade 56 Bandaadi Ballal
57 Uliya Ballal 58 Kuduma Nelyaadi Beedu Dharmasthala Heggade
59 Kaliya Ballal 60 Paddayoor Ballal
61 Ballamanja ballal 62 Valalu Ballal
63 Malavanthige Ballal 64 Yelunaada Ballal
65 Mudraadi Heggade 66 Hebri Ballal
67 Thingale Chaavadi Heggade 68 Nandalike Chaavadi Heggade
69 Kaanthaavara Heggade 70 Putthige Ballal
71 Mundkoor Ballal 72 Mijaru Ballal
73 Peradi Ballal 74 Irvathur Paika Ballal
75 Padubidri Kinnakka Ballal 76 Yermal Maramma Heggade
77 Kaup Marda Heggade 78 Katpadi Dore Ballal
79 Udyavara Ballal 80 Chitpadi Ballal
81 Nidambur Ballal 82 Vandar Heggade
83 Balisavira Heggade 84 Yerdanadu Heggade
85 Anjaru Kurla Heggade 86 Kananjaaru Nayara Heggade
87 Paddama Aala Heggade 88 Bommarbettu Heggade
89 Athraadi Heggade 90 Yellur Kunda Heggade

CHRONOLOGY OF THE KINGS RULED TULUNAD

Tulunad was ruled by the family of ALUVA’s . They ruled the area together in the name of ALUVA Kings. As recorded by  the historians following kings ruled Tulunad since 570 AD.

#  From AD To  AD Name of the Rulers
1 570 600 Shree Maaramma Alvarasu
2 601 625 Shreemathi Alvarasathi
3 626 650 Shree Kundavarma Alvarasu
4 651 675 Shree Gunasagara Alvarasu
5 676 710 Chithravahana Alvarasu
6 711 720 Gunasagara Alvarasu
7 721 730 Shwethavahana Alvarasu
8 731 750 Prathvisagara Alvarasu
9 751 770 Vijayadhithya Alvarasu
10 920 Queen Anjalidevi married to Bagi Chavuta of Shanthara JainaChutu family and he ruled the Kingdom.
11 940 985  2nd Kundavarma Alvarasu
12 986 1010 Shreemathi Akkadevi Alvarasathi
13 1011 1050 Shreemathi Parameshwari Akkadevi
14 1051 1095  Shree Bainkideva Alvarasu
15 1096 1112  Shreemathi Ammadeva Alvarasathi
16 1113 1155 Shree Bhujabalakavi Alvarasu
17 1156 1170 Shree Jagadeka Alvarasu
18 1171 1215 2nd Bhujabala Alvarasu
19 1216 1236 Noormadi Chakravarthi
20 1237 1254 Vibhudavasu in Basrur
21 1255 1277 Veerapandi or Kethupandi in Barkur
22 1278 1300 Nagadeva Alvarasu in Barkur
23 1301 1315 Bankideva Alvarasu in Mangalore
24 1316 1325 Soyideva Alvarasu
25 1326 1345 Veerakulashekara Deva Alvarasu
26 1349 1380 Veerapandi Deva Alvarasu
27 1381 1399 Queen Nagamma Alvarasu (At this time Tuluva Narasimharaya ruled occupying the thrown of Vijayanagr.
28 1478 1493 Tulunad came under Vijayanagar Dynasty)
29 1496 1509 Veera Narasimharaya
30 1510 1530  Krishnadevaraya ruled both Andhra & Karnataka.

After the demise of Krishinadevaraya, his son came to the thrown which was against the matriarchal system of Tuluvas. Hence, his nephew Ramaraya came to the thrown and defeated one by one the Sultans of Bahamani kingdom. After that all Muslim kings joined together and fought a decisive war against Vijayanagar Kingdom in January 1565 in which Hindu Kings lost and Tuluva ruling ended there.

Krishnadevaraya was from Salinnaya gothra, a gothra of Tuluvas. People from Shirva Kodumane, Shirva Savira Hobali Mane, Nandalike Chavadi Mane, Thalapadi Mane and Bellippadi Mane are all from the same Salinnaya gothra who are still in Tulunad.

Note: The above details are collected from “PRACHINA TULUNAD”(Ancient Tulunad) book written by Nandalike Ammunjeguthtu Sheenappa Hegde Polali

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