To a superficial observer it may appear as though India is a land mass occupied by diverse social, religious and linguistic groups putting on a mantle of political unity. But a careful study of its present day institutions reveals that they are built on the solid foundation of a rich and ancient culture evolved over a period of at least five thousand years. Different shades of Indian culture represented by different linguistic groups, big or small, are often mistaken for heterogeneous cultures. It is only a careful study in depth of the religious and social institutions by scholars devoted to historical research that can bring to surface the underlying unity and richness of India’s culture.
The tract of land on the west coast peninsular India comprising the modern districts of South Kanara, Udupi and the coastal belts of North Kanara historically famed as TULUNAD – the land of the Tuluvas. The bewildering variety and amazing richness of cultural distinctions, both singular and synchronistic, have been so over-whelming that an over-all picture of this culture based on political, socio-economic, religious and philosophical foundations needs to be studied in detail.
Tulunad – where different religions, cultures, casts and communities live harmoniously maintaining their individual identity, yet for an outsider it appears to be one big social group. Where else we can find such “unity in diversity”. Reputed educational institutions, five large nationalized banks, seaport, airport, road and rail network are all the proud possessions of Tulunad.
Tuluvas are known for their communal harmony, broad mindedness, high literacy level, entrepreneurial ability, dedication, hard work, loyalty and professionalism in all fields. This is the meeting point for all of us. Exchange our views and ideas, get closer, understand better and let us build a stronger Tulunad on the foundation we already have for more than FIVE THOUSAND YEARS.
A Brief History of Tulunad
Various Historians, Intellectuals and writers including from the western countries have written much about the history of Tulunad. Some of them have referred way back to the era of Puranas taking the references from the great epics like Ramayana and Mahabharatha to support their opinions and arguments.
It is impossible to give in this site all those matters written in volumes. However, we will try our best to give some brief ideas picking up from some of the recognized books published earlier. Hence, we do not accept any responsibility about the authenticity of the subject matter given here below.
One among such well respected writers is Nandalike Ammunjeguthu Sheenappa Hegde Polali. Born on 8th August, 1890 at Nandalike Chavadi Mane and died on 3rd September 1966 in Mangalore.
A brief introduction of his literary works and achievements will be published very shortly together with the introduction of other past and present bunt scholars.
We have picked up some excerpts from his book PRAACHINA TULUNAD published in Kannada way back in 1930s. Translation may not give the exact meaning and beauty of the original article. We hope, our readers will understand this and pardon us for such unintentional lapses from our part.
JAIN BUNT BALLALS
Jains of Shanthara dynansty came from Mysore area to Tulunad in the 12th Century and got married to the ladies of Tulunad Aluva Kings. Their offsprings, Jain Bunts became Ballals and ruled Tulunad till 18th Century.
The households of such rulers are given below:
|1||Ullal Chowta||2||Sural Tholahara|
|3||Bangadi Banga||4||Bailangadi Moola|
|7||Vitla Domba Heggade||8||Kumbale Arasu|
|9||Karkal Bhairarasu||10||Yenur Ajila|
|11||Mulki Samantharasu||12||Panapila Konnararasu|
|13||Hosangadi Binnanarasu||14||Viliya Ainadarasu|
|15||Honnaya Kambali Arasu||16||Madya Kinnari Arasu|
|17||Pejavara Ballal||18||Bsailu Ballal|
|19||Panambur Mudda Heggade||20||Koolur Dore Ballal|
|21||Porala Madarasu Manel Ballal||22||Arkula Beedu|
|23||Vamanjur Ballal||24||Kulashekar Ballal|
|25||Atthavara Ballal||26||Bajal Ballal|
|27||Invalli Ballal||28||Ira Ballal|
|29||Sajipa Ballal||30||Balthila Ballal|
|31||Perodi Ballal||32||Nanadribettu Ballal|
|33||Paddayur Ballal||34||Ijjatthottu Ballal|
|35||Irvatthur Ballal||36||Kaudaadi Ballal|
|37||Raayi Ballal||38||Varkaadi Ballal|
|39||Manjeshwara Ballal||40||Paivalike Ballal|
|41||Adka Heggade, Thenkumbale||42||Parmale Ballal|
|43||Panja Ballal||44||Yenmoor Ballal|
|45||Amara Sulya Ballal||46||Bellare Ballal|
|47||Kadaba Ballal||48||Mardhaala Ballal|
|49||Injaadi Ballal||50||Kombaaru Ballal|
|51||Renjaladi Ballal||52||Nelyaadi Ballal|
|53||Neranki chavadi Heggade||54||Puthur Heggade|
|55||Madaka Heggade||56||Bandaadi Ballal|
|57||Uliya Ballal||58||Kuduma Nelyaadi Beedu Dharmasthala Heggade|
|59||Kaliya Ballal||60||Paddayoor Ballal|
|61||Ballamanja ballal||62||Valalu Ballal|
|63||Malavanthige Ballal||64||Yelunaada Ballal|
|65||Mudraadi Heggade||66||Hebri Ballal|
|67||Thingale Chaavadi Heggade||68||Nandalike Chaavadi Heggade|
|69||Kaanthaavara Heggade||70||Putthige Ballal|
|71||Mundkoor Ballal||72||Mijaru Ballal|
|73||Peradi Ballal||74||Irvathur Paika Ballal|
|75||Padubidri Kinnakka Ballal||76||Yermal Maramma Heggade|
|77||Kaup Marda Heggade||78||Katpadi Dore Ballal|
|79||Udyavara Ballal||80||Chitpadi Ballal|
|81||Nidambur Ballal||82||Vandar Heggade|
|83||Balisavira Heggade||84||Yerdanadu Heggade|
|85||Anjaru Kurla Heggade||86||Kananjaaru Nayara Heggade|
|87||Paddama Aala Heggade||88||Bommarbettu Heggade|
|89||Athraadi Heggade||90||Yellur Kunda Heggade|
CHRONOLOGY OF THE KINGS RULED TULUNAD
Tulunad was ruled by the family of ALUVA’s . They ruled the area together in the name of ALUVA Kings. As recorded by the historians following kings ruled Tulunad since 570 AD.
|#||From AD||To AD||Name of the Rulers|
|1||570||600||Shree Maaramma Alvarasu|
|3||626||650||Shree Kundavarma Alvarasu|
|4||651||675||Shree Gunasagara Alvarasu|
|10||920||Queen Anjalidevi married to Bagi Chavuta of Shanthara JainaChutu family and he ruled the Kingdom.|
|11||940||985||2nd Kundavarma Alvarasu|
|12||986||1010||Shreemathi Akkadevi Alvarasathi|
|13||1011||1050||Shreemathi Parameshwari Akkadevi|
|14||1051||1095||Shree Bainkideva Alvarasu|
|15||1096||1112||Shreemathi Ammadeva Alvarasathi|
|16||1113||1155||Shree Bhujabalakavi Alvarasu|
|17||1156||1170||Shree Jagadeka Alvarasu|
|18||1171||1215||2nd Bhujabala Alvarasu|
|20||1237||1254||Vibhudavasu in Basrur|
|21||1255||1277||Veerapandi or Kethupandi in Barkur|
|22||1278||1300||Nagadeva Alvarasu in Barkur|
|23||1301||1315||Bankideva Alvarasu in Mangalore|
|25||1326||1345||Veerakulashekara Deva Alvarasu|
|26||1349||1380||Veerapandi Deva Alvarasu|
|27||1381||1399||Queen Nagamma Alvarasu (At this time Tuluva Narasimharaya ruled occupying the thrown of Vijayanagr.|
|28||1478||1493||Tulunad came under Vijayanagar Dynasty)|
|30||1510||1530||Krishnadevaraya ruled both Andhra & Karnataka.|
After the demise of Krishinadevaraya, his son came to the thrown which was against the matriarchal system of Tuluvas. Hence, his nephew Ramaraya came to the thrown and defeated one by one the Sultans of Bahamani kingdom. After that all Muslim kings joined together and fought a decisive war against Vijayanagar Kingdom in January 1565 in which Hindu Kings lost and Tuluva ruling ended there.
Krishnadevaraya was from Salinnaya gothra, a gothra of Tuluvas. People from Shirva Kodumane, Shirva Savira Hobali Mane, Nandalike Chavadi Mane, Thalapadi Mane and Bellippadi Mane are all from the same Salinnaya gothra who are still in Tulunad.
Note: The above details are collected from “PRACHINA TULUNAD”(Ancient Tulunad) book written by Nandalike Ammunjeguthtu Sheenappa Hegde Polali